The standards and methods for intergranular corrosion test
This part of ISO 3651 specifies methods for the determination of the resistance to intergranular corrosion of ferritic,austenitic and ferritic-austenitic (duplex) stainless steels in media containing sulfuric acid.It also specifies the purposes which may be assigned to the test.(What is intergranular corrosion in metal material?)
The test methods included are:
—Method A: the 16%sulfuric acid/copper sulfate test (Monypenny Strauss test);
—Method B: the 35% sulfuric acid/copper sulfate test;
—Method C: the 40% sulfuric acid/ferric sulfate test;
The methods are applicable to stainless steels supplied in the form of cast,rolled or forged products and tubes and intended for use in a mildly oxidizing acid medium(for example,sulfuric acid,phosphoric acid).
ASTM A262-Standard Practices for Detecting Susceptibility to Intergranular Attack in Austenitic Stainless Steels.
These practices cover the following five tests:
Practice A–Oxalic Acid Etch Test for Classification of Etch Structures of Austenitic Stainless Steels.
Practice B–Ferric Sulfate–Sulfuric Acid Test or Detecting Susceptibility to Intergranular Attack in Austenitic Stainless Steels.
Practice C–Nitric Acid Test for Detecting Susceptibility to Intergranular Attack in Austenitic Stainless Steels.
Practice D–Copper–Copper Sulfate–Sulfuric Acid Test for Detecting Susceptibility to Intergranular Attack in Austenitic Stainless Steels.
Practice E–Copper–Copper Sulfate–50% Sulfuric Acid for Detecting Susceptibility to Intergranular Attack in Molybdenum-Bearing Cast Austenitic Stainless Steels.
Susceptibility to intergranular attack associated with the precipitation of chromium carbides is readily detected in all six tests.
Extra-low–carbon grades,and stabilized grades,such as 304L,316L,317L,321,and347,are tested after sensitizing heat treatments at 650 to 675°C (1200to1250°F),which is the range of maximum carbide precipitation.These sensitizing treatments must be applied before the specimens are submitted to the oxalic acid etch test.The most commonly used sensitizing treatment is 1h at 675°C (1250°F).
Hebei Haihao strictly carrys out rigorous quality control and products inspection to ensure continual quality forged steel flanges and pipe fittings.As one of the leading manufacturers in China piping products filed,Haihao always abide by the principle of “Quality First”.